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Vein Treatment and Vein Disease: Los Angeles vein clinic

We are all born with countless veins in our body.  With age, these veins begin to change, leading to unhealthy changes in our circulatory system. In our bodies, veins represent an important part of our circulatory system, facilitating the return of blood from the feet back to our hearts.  If the vein system does not work well, then blood is not allowed to return to the heart and be pumped back into the body.  This may result in a host of problems, including leg pain and discomfort, bulging varicose veins, and a variety of other problems associated with venous insufficiency. 


Varicose Veins Los angeles


Physicians collectively refer to vein problems as vein disease.  If the veins are permanently unhealthy, then the condition is known as chronic venous insufficiency.  The problem with this condition is that it occurs over time, slowly damaging the circulatory system.  Chronic venous insufficiency may lead to cosmetic vein problems, medical vein problems, and other disease processes that can take their toll on the entire body.  Chronic vein disease can lead to leg pain, leg cramps, leg throbbing, discomfort, early muscle fatigue, leg swelling, leg ulcers, and restless leg syndrome. 


If you believe that you have vein disease, the best option would be to schedule an appointment with Los Angeles vein expert Dr. Raffy Karamanoukian.  During your consultation, your veins will be examined, followed by vein mapping and ultrasound.  If your veins appear damaged or unhealthy, then options will be provided to correct your condition.  Most people who have varicose veins and vein disease have the problem because of genetic influences (family history of veins), occupation, physical activity, and pregnancy.  There are many other less known risk factors for varicose vein disease, but these remain the most common. 


Varicose veins on the legs and thighs may be a warning sign of venous disease.  By far, the most common cause of venous disease in health adults is a condition known as venous reflux, in which the vein valves in your legs are no longer working as well as they once did.  Some women will develop venous reflux as a result of pregnancy, whereas others may slowly develop venous reflux as a result of normla aging and prolonged sitting or standing.  These risk factors can increase the demand on the venous system, causing the vein valves to ultimately collapse and fail to work.  


Most patients who seek consultation for vein problems are concerned about the physical appearance of spider veins and varicose veins in their legs, leg ulcers, or pain and discomfort associated with the veins.  Some other symptoms associated with varicose vein disease include leg throbbing, cramping, leg swelling, edema, skin discoloration in the legs, and restless legs.  Other major vein symptoms include the following:


  1. Bleeding Varicose Veins: Varicose veins often represent pooled pockets of blood immediately beneath the skin.  In cases of trauma, lacerations, or injury to the overlying skin surface, a varicose vein may rupture and begin to bleed.  The veins will ultimately stop bleeding, but may necessitate a trip to the emergency room.  Patients with severe vein problems often have associated venous hypertension, which further worsens the problem and prolongs bleeding times.  If you have ever experienced a bleeding varicose vein, it is often considered a medical emergency.  The best acute treatment is to apply pressure to the area with a clean towel and seek immediate medical attention. Physicians may sometimes opt for superficial vein ligation to surgically control the bleeding. 
  2. Edema or Swelling in the Legs: There are many different causes of leg swelling, some of which are related to the heart, diet, or lymphatic system.  Some cases of vein disease result in leg edema, which is almost always worse in the ankles and feet.  The condition is gravity dependent and results from inadequate return of blood and fluid from the legs back to the heart.  Patients who have venous edema often have 'sock marks' and pitting of the skin.  During your examination, an ultrasound will be performed to determine the presence of vein disease in patients with venous edema. 
  3. Venous Stasis Ulcers: Vein physicians and scientists do not know the exact mechanism of venous stasis ulcer formation.  These venous ulcers are usually found on the medial ankle and are characterized by ulceration and chronic skin breakdown.  The ankles and lower legs are the most common site of ulcer formation. Venous ulcers are likely due to a chronic process of inflammation, poor tissue oxygenation, oxidative tissue damage, and venous congestion.  Some patients will have associated signs of longstanding vein disease on their legs marked by skin changes and discoloration. A diagnostic ultrasound can help cinch the diagnosis and determine if endovenous laser ablation can help with the condition. 


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